Getting Started: Addition and Subtraction

Once a child is fluent with the addition facts in each goal, begin work on the related subtraction facts

    Concrete - Representational - Focus on Memorization

    Focus on Part-Whole Thinking using 5s and 10s


FactsWise is a very flexible program.  You can start off very simply, and add instructional strategies, materials, and technology as you choose.  The core of the program revolves around: 1) daily whole-class mini-lessons, 2) goal-specific practice and games, and 3) quick one-on-one assessments.

Research-Based Strategies for Building Facts Fluency

1.  Focus on accuracy, fluency, and part-whole thinking (encouraging students to move from counting to strategies and well as memorization).
  • Focus part-whole strategies on 5s and 10s, rather than doubles-related strategies.
                                         Addition Making Ten Strategy

 Subtraction Taking from Ten Strategy

  • Use ten-based models and representations (e.g. ten frames and slavonic abacuses)

2.  Teach material in small chunks (5-7 new facts at a time)

3.  Teach subtraction facts right after related addition facts

4.  Daily practice - 5 to 10 minutes per day in class - moving from Concrete - Representational - Abstract (C-R-A)

5. Avoid timed tests during learning phase; use one-on-one assessments instead. The more frequently students took timed tests, the more they counted and the less they memorized (Henry, 2004).

6.  Assigning students and parents to practice basic facts at home for 5 minutes a day may be helpful, but should be used in conjunction with daily whole-class lessons, not inn place of them. If you do decide to incorporate homework, be sure to help parents know what goal their children are studying, and how they can help support flexible strategy-based facts fluency.

Helpful Blackline Masters

Goal 4 Arrow Cards

Video of FactsWise Mini-Lessons -- thank you for the teachers and students in these videos!

Link to Key Resources -- for teachers who have received the password in a 2-hour workshop; your password is at the top of your handout.